As one of the most important chapters in U.S. history, the Battle of Gettysburg greatly influenced the outcome of the American Civil War. It took place within Adams Country in Pennsylvania, which resulted in a huge victory for the Union. This battle produced massive numbers of casualties, which made it one of the bloodiest wars in the nation’s history. Let’s have a take on U.S. history and learn the importance of the Battle of Gettysburg.
The Significance of the Battle of Gettysburg
Why was the Battle of Gettysburg important? This battle was very important because it served as a turning point in the American Civil War. The Army of the Potomac led by Union Major General George Gordon Meade defeated the Army of Northern Virginia under the leadership of Confederate General Robert E. Lee. This crucial victory ended the control of Lee and his army over the North. More importantly, this key win gave the Union a much greater control over its adversary. Add to that, the Confederates lost not only militarily, but also politically.
This battle was so important that a victory could mean complete control of the U.S. government. After this all-important victory, then-U.S. President Abraham Lincoln addressed the nation and redefined the meaning as well as the purpose of the war. This historic moment came when he delivered the Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery in Pennsylvania.
Additional Information and Other Interesting Details About the Battle of Gettysburg
This battle took place for three long days, which started from July 1, 1863 and lasted on July 3, 1863. With the strength of 93,921 soldiers, the Union went head-to-head against the 71,699 soldiers of the Confederacy. At the end of this three-day face-off, the Union lost about 23,055 of its men while the Confederacy lost a total 23,231 of its soldiers.
The two opposing camps had registered total casualties of at least 46,000 to 51,000. All of these deceased soldiers were buried at the Soldiers’ National Cemetery. Later on, this burial ground was renamed Gettysburg National Cemetery, which together with Gettysburg National Military Park are under the management and control of the United States National Park Service.
One of the major highlights of this battle came on July 3, 1863, when an estimated 12,500 Confederate soldiers assaulted the Union at Cemetery Ridge. The Union repulsed this massive attack with heavy artillery fire. This event gave the Confederates a very tough loss to swallow. It caused the Confederates to retreat all the way back to Virginia.