Smoking is one of the habits and practices that medical experts oppose because it poses serious threats to human health. Medical studies showed that smoking could cause various deadly diseases such as cancer, strokes as well as stenosis. This habit also affects the efficient functioning of the cardiovcascular system. One of the serious effects of smoking is a rapid increase in blood pressure. Discussed below are the reasons why smoking causes a rise in blood pressure.
Narrowing Blood Vessels
Why does smoking cause a rise in blood pressure? There are various ways smoking cause an increase in blood pressure. One of these is by narrowing the heart blood vessels. Cigarettes and tobaccos have ingredients or elements that affect the effective functioning of the blood vessels. Regular smoking damages and weakens the blood vessels and causes them to narrow. When this occurs, blood flow will be affected and the heart will be stressed since it needs to work harder than the usual to pump blood to the other parts of the body. Whenever the heart is under stress, the blood pressure increases.
Shortage in Oxygen
Inhaling oxygen is important to the survival of humans. Shortage in oxygen can be dangerous to our health. Medical studies showed that smoking causes shortage in the supply of oxygen in the body, which can greatly affect the efficient functioning of the cardiovascular system. Inadequate supply of oxygen causes the heart to work harder to provide sufficient amount of oxygen in the other parts of the body. When the heart pumps harder than the usual, the cardiovascular system is affected. Thus, a rapid increase in blood pressure occurs.
Inflammation and Plaque
Another reason why medical experts oppose smoking is that this unhealthy practice causes plaque build-up in blood vessels. Aside from this, the habit also destroys the linings of the heart blood vessels. When the linings were damaged, inflammation of the blood vessels will happen. Build-up of plaque and inflammation of the vessel are risk factors to increased blood pressure.
Long-Term Effects of Smoking on Blood Flow
Smokers should be aware of the long-term effects of the unhealthy habit on their health. Cigarettes and tobaccos have chemicals that cause the fibrinogen and blood cholesterol levels to rise. When these happen, they may experience heart attacks because increased levels of blood cholesterol and fibrinogen affects the blood clotting mechanism of the body. Heart attacks can cause high blood pressure and other serious illnesses such as aneurysm, coronary heart disease, stroke as well as peripheral vascular disease.