In order to understand humankind, people need archaeology to find all the possible reasons, objectives and answers behind the different kinds of human endeavors of past periods. As a science, it helps people study human behavior, chronicle the evolution of cultures as well as understand their histories. Here is a look at its significance to the modern world, which eventually can help us realize why archaeology is important.
The Importance of Archaeology to Modern Society
Why is archaeology important? With the help of this all-important branch of science, we can learn more about the behaviors and existence of earlier people. This can help a lot especially in understanding the societies and cultures of the people who have gone ahead of us. Even with the unavailability of written records, understanding people during those times is very much possible with the help of this science. It has been used to document interesting data like how the first cities came about, how the folk religion practiced cult and how agriculture was developed.
Without the help of this science, the early parts of human civilization will remain unclear. People can use it to chronicle the different events that transpired even during pre-historic times. As a result, we can get to know more about lifestyles and cultural histories of the various groups of earlier people. In addition, it also offers a clearer view of cultural life and religious practices in the past.
Because of its extensive coverage, scientists have decided to classify this science into various kinds of specialties. For instance, underwater archaeology helps people understand more about the activities and practices of earlier people, specifically those submerged underwater. Meanwhile, it is best to refer to historical archaeology when referring particularly to cultural studies. There are also newer divisions such as urban archaeology and salvage archaeology, both of which deal with data obtained from excavation sites.
In the absence of written historical records, people can rely greatly on this science for highly relevant information, especially when planning to reconstruct the prehistoric period. In this kind of task, archaeologists use material remains recovered from a particular site to explain events that actually transpired in the past. These materials include weapons, pottery and other significant artifacts. They can also base their findings on wall inscriptions that can be found inside caves and other recovered structures.
Finally, this science is also very important in the process of re-writing history. Archaeologists can use various artifacts and other material remains recovered from expeditions to correct earlier recorded data. Likewise, these materials can also be used in concluding whether certain events and situations actually took place during a particular period in history.