Without question, William Shakespeare remains one of the highly popular figures in the world of literature. Even way after his death, many people continuously recognize and praise his brilliant works and writings including his numerous other literary contributions. For those who are quite interested to find out why Shakespeare is called ‘the Bard,’ here is a look back at his colorful career as poet and playwright.
The Literary Contributions of William Shakespeare as a Poet
Why is Shakespeare called ‘the Bard?’ Because of his numerous impressive poems, many people regarded him as ‘the Bard.’ A title usually attached to great poets, he was dubbed as ‘the Bard of Avon’ or just ‘the Bard.’ In British culture, a professional poet is called a bard. In addition, he is also recognized as the national poet of England. Some of his best poems that endured the test of time include “A Lover’s Complaint,” “The Phoenix and the Turtle” and “The Passionate Pilgrim.” Furthermore, he also wrote the poems “The Rape of Lucrece,” “Venus and Adonis” as well as “Shakespeare’s Sonnets.”
The poems “The Rape of Lucrece” and “Venus and Adonis” carry erotic themes. Meanwhile, “A Lover’s Complaint” is all about courtship and seduction. In addition, the poem “The Phoenix and the Turtle” deals with death and mourning.
Other Important Contributions in the World of Literature
Aside from his greatness as a poet, Shakespeare was also a brilliant playwright throughout his life. He wrote “Romeo and Juliet” in 1595, which is one of his greatest plays ever. In 1599, he finished “Julius Caesar.” After that, he wrote numerous tragedies from 1600 until 1608. He became fascinated in writing romances or tragicomedies between 1608 and 1613.
His earlier works came in the early parts of 1590s and included several parts of “Henry VI” and “Richard III.” Other works that may be included for this period are “Two Gentlemen of Verona,” “The Taming of the Shrew” and “The Comedy of Errors.”
In the middle parts of the 1590s, he started to focus on writing Italianate and classical comedies. His most popular and significant works during this period include “Much Ado About Nothing,” “The Merchant of Venice” and “A Midsummer Night’s Dream.” Add to that, he also wrote other fascinating plays during this time like “Twelfth Night” and “As You Like It.”
He spent the time between 1600 and 1608 concentrating on tragedies. Moreover, it was also during this period when he wrote problem plays like “All’s Well That Ends Well,” “Troilus and Cressida” and “Measure for Measure.” Other notable plays written during this particular point in time were “Macbeth,” “King Lear” and “Othello.”